Das verschwundene Land /

Checkpoint Bravo, Berlin

The Berlin Wall was 140 kilometres long. In June 1962, a second, parallel fence was built some 100 metres farther into East German territory. The houses contained between the fences were razed and the inhabitants relocated. It became known as the "Death Strip". The Death Strip was covered with raked sand or gravel, rendering footprints easy to notice, easing the detection of trespassers and also enabling officers to see which guards had neglected their task; it offered no cover; and, most importantly, it offered clear fields of fire for the wall guards.